|As one of the most advanced countries in the G8 block, Japan has taken gigantic steps in upgrading its elderly health care in Japan , notably in the field of novel medical technology.
With a population of more than 100 million and a high rate of ageing, its national income budget of 20 trillion yen in 1989 (Source : Wikipedia) concentrates mainly on all types of hospitals : general, mental, comprehensive.
In fact, elderly health care in Japan prides itself of possessing the highest hospital number per capita of 1/14,000, compared to that of Germany - 1/40,000 and of the United States - 1/47,000.
Due to its emphasis on hospital care, Japan holds the track record of having the longest hospital stay, which is 5 times longer than that in the United States .
As a result of this characteristic, efficient means are sought after to handle the increasing demand of the elderly health care in Japan on thepublic on the hospital system.
Since time immemorial, the elderly health care in Japan public has always favored folk medicine such as gingko biloba to deal with memory loss, ginseng, and marine sources like kelp.
These are popular and show a favorable medical response as well as tolerance especially amongst the elderly. Other options are over-the-counter herbal products like Bacopa monieri , evening primrose oil which feature predominantly in the Japanese health care system.
With the advent of Meiji and Western entry following the success of the American admiral Matthew Perry, the health care system has been modified to accommodate Western biomedicine.
In the early part of the twentieth century, vaccine introduction has significantly increased the life expectancy of its population to such an extent that population ageing has emerged as a pressing issue.
Cultural expectations and national values of the elderly health care in Japan population, as well as the high cost of medical technology devices, have resulted in less dependence on medical devices.
Diabetes self-testing kits, implantable cardioverter defibrillators and minimally invasive surgical tools normally do not feature predominantly in the health care system of Japan , as the majority would opt for a hospital stay with attending qualified doctors and nurses.
As a consequence, there is a high necessity to deregulate the costs of medical technology and upgrade such facilities, which are already ten years behind compared to the rest of the world.
An additional feature of the elderly health care in elderly health care in Japan is the payments of elderly citizens through a universal health care insurance system, which covers all aspects of health - mental, physical, and other comprehensive programs.